International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Science , Computer Science and Engineering

Volume5,January 2018,

Topic : Low-Energy Aware Routing Mechanism for Wireless Sensor Networks

Authors:Heerok Banerjee || Murugaanandam S, Dr V Ganapathy

Abstract:Wireless Sensor Networks are a collection of several hundred nodes that together sense some physical quantity and transmits the same to a central node, known as the base station. These sensors are miniature electronic circuits or devices that are capable of sensing data and establishing a connection in between themselves. Due to the frequent transmission and reception of data in these sensor nodes, the overhead of these nodes is sinusoidal. Hence, increasing the network lifetime without disrupting the topology and the functionalities of the system is one of the main challenges in WSN. Moreover, due to the existence of cyclic events such as the election of Cluster Heads (CH), energy is wasted. In this paper, a methodology is proposed to eliminate the cyclic execution of such events in order to conserve energy for more important functionalities. The proposed methodology yields an energy aware routing protocol accounting the residual energy of every participant node in a cluster and forecasts the next cluster head based on the energy parameters to select the most suitable CH. The proposed methodology eradicates the simultaneous selection process of new cluster heads after each cycle, and in terms, saves a substantial amount of energy that is later on used by the participant nodes to transmit and receive data. Performance analysis of the system is carried out with programming tools and the results are shown..

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Protocol Design, Network Protocols, Network Resource Management

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DOI: 01.1617/vol5/iss1/pid60247

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Dr. Allon Guez
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Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
ORCiD Research ID : 0000-0001-9540-6799

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Journal Code : IJERCSE
Electronic ISSN : 2394-2320
Impact Factor : 4.890
Frequency : monthly
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