Author : I.S.Srinivasa Rao 1
Date of Publication :13th March 2019
Abstract: Mobility Management scheme plays a significant role in the Wireless Sensor Networks to provide seamless connectivity to the mobile users on the move. When the MNs/MHs (Mobile Nodes/Mobile Hosts) is communicating with other node, the network has to follow the MNs/MHs and allocate required resource to provide uninterrupted service without user awareness that in fact the network facility (base station) is changing. Mobility Management is used to track the mobile users they move from place to place in the coverage of wireless mobile networks to ensure ubiquitous communications. Thus, mobility management is a key component for the effective operations of wireless networks to deliver wireless Internet services. Wireless Sensor Networks consist of base stations, each of which is responsible for relaying communication services for the mobiles travelling in its coverage known as cells. When MNs/MHs are in communication and moving from one cell to another, the base station in the new cell will allocate a channel to continue to provide the service to the mobile user without any interruption. The switch from one channel to another (from one base station to another base station) is known as handoff. The importance of mobility management is the handoff management (how to achieve a smooth handoff between base stations without degrading the service). When users do not engage any communications and move around, the system has to track them in order to deliver possible services to them. This can be done by Location management/Mobility management. In Internet of Things(IoT), Sensor nodes are being deployed/installed on many objects and some of them are mobile (moving) including mobile gadgets, physical objects (living or non-living) etc. in order to get and transmit information over the internet and handoffs are major issues. These mobile objects require sufficient Mobility Management schemes to take care of data transmission. Existing research has made many improvements in terms of Handoff Latency (H.O.) but less attention has paid towards signaling cost and packet loss particularly in time critical areas. The study provides the complete survey of Host based and Network based mobility management schemes including 6LoWPAN (Low Power Wireless Personal Area Network), PMIPV6 (Proxy Mobile IPv6), challenges associated with them and solution to meet these challenges.
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