Author : Anukriti Kacker 1
Date of Publication :10th June 2020
Abstract: When we hear the word energy for any machine to work, the first thing that strikes the mind is fuel. It is a crucial element because it produces energy whenever it is burned, making the machine function. Bio-Fuel is a kind of fluid derived from various natural resources such as trees, agricultural waste, etc. Bio-Fuels can be produced from anything that has a colossal of carbon present in it, and it can be replenished immediately. Bio-fuels are now being used vastly around the globe because of its significant advantage that it doesn't produce any toxic chemicals such as carbon monoxides and sulfur. Biofuel's primary usage can be seen in the automobile sector as they blend with the current fuels and decarbonize them, which controls the toxic emissions. Algae is considered to be a non-flowering plant which is found floating on the water. Recently algae have become a center of attraction for the production of biofuel because they are rich in lipids and carbohydrates in their cells, which can help in the production of biofuels. This paper aims at understanding and production of the third-generation biofuel that is through algae by trans-esterification.
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