Author : Ishwar Kharat 1
Date of Publication :16th June 2021
Abstract: The diagnosis of any disease is like the light at the end of the tunnel. In the case of the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of earlier diagnosis and detecting the disease is beyond measure. The initial focus must be on the data by which we need to efficiently train a model. This data will help Machine Learning (ML). or Deep Learning (DL) algorithms to diagnose COVID-19 cases. Due to the disadvantages of RT-PCR, researchers adopted an alternative method which is the use of Artificial lntelligence on chest CT or X-Ray images to diagnose COVID-19. Fundamentally, a chest CT image is an image taken using the computed tomography (CT) scan procedure where X-Ray images are captured from different angles and compiled to form a single image. Although a CT scan consumes less time to demonstrate, it is fairly expensive. As a result, many researchers adopted X-Ray images instead of CT images to develop a COVID-19 detection model. A chest X-Ray is a procedure of using X-Rays to generate images of the chest. Also, it is relatively economical and convenient to maintain.